Health Benefits of Going Barefoot Outside
Even though we’ve come to think of them as a vital part of our lives, only 20 percent of the world’s population today wears shoes. Although in western society, shoes are necessary in certain situations, now that spring is here, and summer is on its way, there’s nothing stopping you from finding a park or beach, taking your shoes off and going for a barefoot stroll. The benefits might surprise you.
1. Clear Your Mind
It’s hard not to pay attention to every step when you’re walking barefoot. You have to be on the look out for sharp rocks and thorns. Awareness of what’s in front of you in this moment quiets your inner chatter and clears your mind and helps you focus on the here and now.
2. It’s Free Foot Yoga
Walking barefoot strengthens and stretches the muscles, tendons and ligaments in your feet, ankles and calves. This helps prevent injury, knee strain and back problems. Not only that, but because it works muscles not used when you’re wearing shoes, it strengthens and stretches your core, helping keep your posture upright, and your balance spot on.
3. It’s a Free Reflexology Session.
There are reflex points to every part of your body in your feet. Every little bump and rock in the road helps to stimulate all these little reflex points. If it hurts at first – especially in specific areas, this means your feet need the stimulation they’re getting by being barefoot. Over time, these sensitivities will go away, and the areas the tenderness corresponds to will be rejuvenated, helping decrease the symptoms of whatever it is that ails you.
4. Decrease Anxiety & Depression.
Walking barefoot in the grass can help decrease anxiety and depression by 62 percent, and increases the levels of those feel good endorphins. Awesome!
5. Get a Good Night’s Sleep.
The ancients believed that walking barefoot in the grass was the best cure for insomnia, and many people still swear by it today.
6. It’s Grounding. Literally.
Our bodies are made up of about 60 percent water, which is great for conducting electricity. The earth has a negative ionic charge. Going barefoot grounds our bodies to that charge. Negative Ions have been proven to detoxify, calm, reduce inflammation, synchronise your internal clocks, hormonal cycles and physiological rhythms. The best places to get some negative ions through your feet are by the water. Everyone knows how good it feels to be barefoot on the beach – now we know why!
7. Get Back to What Matters.
To be barefoot outside doesn’t just involve your feet – the rest of you has to be outside too. You get to connect with Mother Nature all around. Feel the sunshine on your face; hear the wind in the trees. It’s easier to connect to a higher power when you’re in touch with Nature; it’s easier to put things into perspective.
Who knew something as simple as a barefoot walk could be so good for you – mind, body and soul.
1. Copy your kitty: Learn to do stretching exercises when you wake up. It boosts circulation and digestion, and eases back pain.
2. Don’t skip breakfast. Studies show that eating a proper breakfast is one of the most positive things you can do if you are trying to lose weight. Breakfast skippers tend to gain weight. A balanced breakfast includes fresh fruit or fruit juice, a high-fibre breakfast cereal, low-fat milk or yoghurt, wholewheat toast, and a boiled egg.
3. Brush up on hygiene. Many people don’t know how to brush their teeth properly. Improper brushing can cause as much damage to the teeth and gums as not brushing at all. Lots of people don’t brush for long enough, don’t floss and don’t see a dentist regularly. Hold your toothbrush in the same way that would hold a pencil, and brush for at least two minutes. This includes brushing the teeth, the junction of the teeth and gums, the tongue and the roof of the mouth. And you don’t need a fancy, angled toothbrush – just a sturdy, soft-bristled one that you replace each month.
4. Neurobics for your mind. Get your brain fizzing with energy. American researchers coined the term ‘neurobics’ for tasks which activate the brain’s own biochemical pathways and to bring new pathways online that can help to strengthen or preserve brain circuits. Brush your teeth with your ‘other’ hand, take a new route to work or choose your clothes based on sense of touch rather than sight. People with mental agility tend to have lower rates of Alzheimer’s disease and age-related mental decline.
5. Get what you give! Always giving and never taking? This is the short road to compassion fatigue. Give to yourself and receive from others, otherwise you’ll get to a point where you have nothing left to give. And hey, if you can’t receive from others, how can you expect them to receive from you?
6. Get spiritual. A study conducted by the formidably sober and scientific Harvard University found that patients who were prayed for recovered quicker than those who weren’t, even if they weren’t aware of the prayer.
7. Get smelly. Garlic, onions, spring onions and leeks all contain stuff that’s good for you. A study at the Child’s Health Institute in Cape Town found that eating raw garlic helped fight serious childhood infections. Heat destroys these properties, so eat yours raw, wash it down with fruit juice or, if you’re a sissy, have it in tablet form.
8. Knock one back. A glass of red wine a day is good for you. A number of studies have found this, but a recent one found that the polyphenols (a type of antioxidant) in green tea, red wine and olives may also help protect you against breast cancer. It’s thought that the antioxidants help protect you from environmental carcinogens such as passive tobacco smoke.
9. Bone up daily. Get your daily calcium by popping a tab, chugging milk or eating yoghurt. It’ll keep your bones strong. Remember that your bone density declines after the age of 30. You need at least 200 milligrams daily, which you should combine with magnesium, or it simply won’t be absorbed.
10. Berries for your belly. Blueberries, strawberries and raspberries contain plant nutrients known as anthocyanidins, which are powerful antioxidants. Blueberries rival grapes in concentrations of resveratrol – the antioxidant compound found in red wine that has assumed near mythological proportions. Resveratrol is believed to help protect against heart disease and cancer.
11. Curry favour. Hot, spicy foods containing chillies or cayenne pepper trigger endorphins, the feel-good hormones. Endorphins have a powerful, almost narcotic, effect and make you feel good after exercising. But go easy on the lamb, pork and mutton and the high-fat, creamy dishes served in many Indian restaurants.
12. Cut out herbs before ops. Some herbal supplements – from the popular St John’s Wort and ginkgo biloba to garlic, ginger, ginseng and feverfew – can cause increased bleeding during surgery, warn surgeons. It may be wise to stop taking all medication, including herbal supplements, at least two weeks before surgery, and inform your surgeon about your herbal use.
13. I say tomato. Tomato is a superstar in the fruit and veggie pantheon. Tomatoes contain lycopene, a powerful cancer fighter. They’re also rich in vitamin C. The good news is that cooked tomatoes are also nutritious, so use them in pasta, soups and casseroles, as well as in salads. The British Thoracic Society says that tomatoes and apples can reduce your risk of asthma and chronic lung diseases. Both contain the antioxidant quercetin. To enjoy the benefits, eat five apples a week or a tomato every other day.
14. Eat your stress away. Prevent low blood sugar as it stresses you out. Eat regular and small healthy meals and keep fruit and veggies handy. Herbal teas will also soothe your frazzled nerves. Eating unrefined carbohydrates, nuts and bananas boosts the formation of serotonin, another feel-good drug. Small amounts of protein containing the amino acid tryptamine can give you a boost when stress tires you out.
15. Load up on vitamin C. We need at least 90 mg of vitamin C per day and the best way to get this is by eating at least five servings of fresh fruit and vegetables every day. So hit the oranges and guavas!
16. No folly in folic acid. Folic acid should be taken regularly by all pregnant mums and people with a low immunity to disease. Folic acid prevents spina bifida in unborn babies and can play a role in cancer prevention. It is found in green leafy vegetables, liver, fruit and bran.
17. A for Away. This vitamin, and beta carotene, help to boost immunity against disease. It also assists in the healing process of diseases such as measles and is recommended by the WHO. Good natural sources of vitamin A are kidneys, liver, dairy products, green and yellow vegetables, pawpaw, mangoes, chilli pepper, red sorrel and red palm oil.
18. Pure water. Don’t have soft drinks or energy drinks while you’re exercising. Stay properly hydrated by drinking enough water during your workout (just don’t overdo things, as drinking too much water can also be dangerous). While you might need energy drinks for long-distance running, in shorter exercise sessions in the gym, your body will burn the glucose from the soft drink first, before starting to burn body fat. Same goes for eating sweets.
19. GI, Jane. Carbohydrates with a high glycaemic index, such as bread, sugar, honey and grain-based food will give instant energy and accelerate your metabolism. If you’re trying to burn fat, stick to beans, rice, pasta, lentils, peas, soya beans and oat bran, all of which have a low GI count.
20. Mindful living. You’ve probably heard the old adage that life’s too short to stuff a mushroom. But perhaps you should consider the opposite: that life’s simply too short NOT to focus on the simple tasks. By slowing down and concentrating on basic things, you’ll clear your mind of everything that worries you. Really concentrate on sensations and experiences again: observe the rough texture of a strawberry’s skin as you touch it, and taste the sweet-sour juice as you bite into the fruit; when your partner strokes your hand, pay careful attention to the sensation on your skin; and learn to really focus on simple tasks while doing them, whether it’s flowering plants or ironing your clothes.
21. The secret of stretching. When you stretch, ease your body into position until you feel the stretch and hold it for about 25 seconds. Breathe deeply to help your body move oxygen-rich blood to those sore muscles. Don’t bounce or force yourself into an uncomfortable position.
22. Do your weights workout first. Experts say weight training should be done first, because it’s a higher intensity exercise compared to cardio. Your body is better able to handle weight training early in the workout because you’re fresh and you have the energy you need to work it. Conversely, cardiovascular exercise should be the last thing you do at the gym, because it helps your body recover by increasing blood flow to the muscles, and flushing out lactic acid, which builds up in the muscles while you’re weight training. It’s the lactic acid that makes your muscles feel stiff and sore.
23. Burn fat during intervals. To improve your fitness quickly and lose weight, harness the joys of interval training. Set the treadmill or step machine on the interval programme, where your speed and workload varies from minute to minute. Build up gradually, every minute and return to the starting speed. Repeat this routine. Not only will it be less monotonous, but you can train for a shorter time and achieve greater results.
24. Your dirtiest foot forward. If your ankles, knees, and hips ache from running on pavement, head for the dirt. Soft trails or graded roads are a lot easier on your joints than the hard stuff. Also, dirt surfaces tend to be uneven, forcing you to slow down a bit and focus on where to put your feet – great for agility and concentration.
25. Burn the boredom, blast the lard. Rev up your metabolism by alternating your speed and intensity during aerobic workouts. Not only should you alternate your routine to prevent burnout or boredom, but to give your body a jolt. If you normally walk at 6.5km/h on the treadmill or take 15 minutes to walk a km, up the pace by going at 8km/h for a minute or so during your workout. Do this every five minutes or so. Each time you work out, increase your bouts of speed in small increments.
26. Cool off without a beer. Don’t eat carbohydrates for at least an hour after exercise. This will force your body to break down body fat, rather than using the food you ingest. Stick to fruit and fluids during that hour, but avoid beer.
27. ‘Okay, now do 100 of those’. Instead of flailing away at gym, enlist the help – even temporarily – of a personal trainer. Make sure you learn to breathe properly and to do the exercises the right way. You’ll get more of a workout while spending less time at the gym.
28. Stop fuming. Don’t smoke and if you smoke already, do everything in your power to quit. Don’t buy into that my-granny-smoked-and-lived-to-be-90 crud – not even the tobacco giants believe it. Apart from the well-known risks of heart disease and cancer, orthopedic surgeons have found that smoking accelerates bone density loss and constricts blood flow. So you could live to be a 90-year-old amputee who smells of stale tobacco smoke Unsexy.
29. Ask about Mad Aunt Edith. Find out your family history. You need to know if there are any inherited diseases prowling your gene pool. According to the Mayo Clinic, USA, finding out what your grandparents died of can provide useful – even lifesaving – information about what’s in store for you. And be candid, not coy: 25 percent of the children of alcoholics become alcoholics themselves.
30. Do self-checks. Do regular self-examinations of your breasts. Most partners are more than happy to help, not just because breast cancer is the most common cancer among SA women. The best time to examine your breasts is in the week after your period.
31. My smear campaign. Have a pap smear once a year. Not on our list of favorite things, but it’s vital. Cervical cancer kills 200 000 women a year and it’s the most prevalent form of cancer among black women, affecting more than 30 percent. But the chances of survival are nearly 100 percent if it’s detected early. Be particularly careful if you became sexually active at an early age, have had multiple sex partners or smoke.
32. Understand hormones. Recent research suggests that short-term (less than five years) use of HRT is not associated with an increase in the risk of breast cancer, but that using it for more than ten years might be. Breast cancer is detected earlier in women using HRT, as they are more alert to the disease than other women.
32. Beat the sneezes. There are more than 240 allergens, some rare and others very common. If you’re a sneezer due to pollen: close your car’s windows while driving, rather switch on the internal fan (drawing in air from the outside), and avoid being outdoors between 5am and 10 am when pollen counts are at their highest; stick to holidays in areas with low pollen counts, such as the seaside and stay away from freshly cut grass.
33. Doggone. If you’re allergic to your cat, dog, budgie or pet piglet, stop suffering the ravages of animal dander: Install an air filter in your home. Keep your pet outside as much as possible and brush him outside of the home to remove loose hair and other allergens. Better yet, ask someone else to do so.
34. Asthma-friendly sports. Swimming is the most asthma-friendly sport of all, but cycling, canoeing, fishing, sailing and walking are also good, according to the experts. Asthma need not hinder peak performance in sport. 11 percent of the US Olympic team were asthmatics – and between them they won 41 medals.
35. Deep heat. Sun rays can burn even through thick glass, and under water. Up to 35 percent of UVB rays and 85 percent of UVA rays penetrate thick glass, while 50 percent of UVB rays and 77 percent of UVA rays penetrate a meter of water and wet cotton clothing. Which means you’ll need sunscreen while driving your car on holiday, and water resistant block if you’re swimming.
36. Fragrant ageing. Stay away from perfumed or flavored suntan lotions which smell of coconut oil or orange if you want your skin to stay young. These lotions contain psoralen, which speeds up the ageing process. Rather use a fake-tan lotion. Avoid sun beds, which are as bad as the sun itself.
37. Sunscreen can be a smokescreen. Sunscreen is unlikely to stop you from being sunburned, or to reduce your risk of developing skin cancer. That’s because most people don’t apply it properly, and stay in the sun too long. The solution? Slather on sunscreen daily and reapply it often, especially if you’ve been in the water. How much? At least enough to fill a shot glass.
38. Laugh and cry. Having a good sob is reputed to be good for you. So is laughter, which has been shown to help heal bodies, as well as broken hearts. Studies in Japan indicate that laughter boosts the immune system and helps the body shake off allergic reactions.
39. It ain’t over till it’s over. End relationships that no longer work for you, as you could be spending time in a dead end. Rather head for more meaningful things. You could be missing opportunities while you’re stuck in a meaningless rut, trying to breathe life into something that is long gone.
40. Strong people go for help. Ask for assistance. Gnashing your teeth in the dark will not get you extra brownie points. It is a sign of strength to ask for assistance and people will respect you for it. If there is a relationship problem, the one who refuses to go for help is usually the one with whom the problem lies to begin with.
41. Save steamy scenes for the bedroom. Showering or bathing in water that’s too hot will dry out your skin and cause it to age prematurely. Warm water is much better. Apply moisturizer while your skin is still damp – it’ll be absorbed more easily. Adding a little olive oil to your bath with help keep your skin moisturized too.
42. Here’s the rub. Improve your circulation and help your lymph glands to drain by the way you towel off. Helping your lymph glands function can help prevent them becoming infected. When drying off your limbs and torso, brush towards the groin on your legs and towards the armpits on your upper body. You can do the same during gentle massage with your partner.
43. Sugar-coated. More than three million South Africans suffer from type 2 diabetes, and the incidence is increasing – with new patients getting younger. New studies show this type of diabetes is often part of a metabolic syndrome (X Syndrome), which includes high blood pressure and other risk factors for heart disease. More than 80 percent of type 2 diabetics die of heart disease, so make sure you control your glucose levels, and watch your blood pressure and cholesterol counts.
44. Relax, it’s only sex. Stress and sex make bad bedfellows, it seems. A US survey showed that stress, kids and work are main factors to dampen libido. With the advent of technology that allows us to work from home, the lines between our jobs and our personal lives have become blurred. People work longer hours, commutes are longer and work pervades all aspects of our lives, including our sexual relationships. Put nooky and intimacy on the agenda, just like everything else.
45. Good night, sweetheart. Rest heals the body and has been shown to lessen the risk of heart trouble and psychological problems.
Whether it’s business related or personal, setting goals sounds great. Achieving them sounds even better. But for most people, goal setting is akin to announcing New Year’s resolutions. They are quickly uttered or set and almost as quickly broken or discarded. The reason most goals (and resolutions) fail is simple–if you don’t take the time to determine and set the right goals for you and if you aren’t properly motivated to achieve those goals, they are predestined to fail. Here’s how to set the right goals and motivate yourself to really achieve them.
Envision the Result Before You Set Your Goals
Dream about what you want the end result to be. Whether you want to have a fit, svelte body or a successful business, a new home or a retirement fund or a published novel or something in between, dream about what it will be like to achieve that result. Truly imagine it in your mind as if it were real. Consider what your life will be like and how it will be different from your life today.
Determine how you will feel if you achieve this dream. In addition to the satisfaction of achieving the dream, think about specific feelings you think having this dream come true will elicit for you. Perhaps the feeling will be confidence, feeling accepted by your area’s business community, peace and contentment, security or notoriety. This exercise will help you realize that your dream is more about the feelings you will experience in achieving the dream than the significance of the dream itself. It’s those particular feelings that you really crave.
- Consider–and write out–the pros and cons of achieving this dream. Many people become enamored of a dream without stopping to realize that the realization of the dream–like anything else in life–will have both pros and cons. It won’t merely be a completely positive achievement. The reality is, there will be down sides. People who don’t stop to think about the cons may go on to achieve their dream and then become depressed or incredibly disappointed. You can help avoid those negative feelings by considering the cons before you invest in the effort it will take to achieve the dream.
- Brainstorm other ways that you can achieve the feelings you want to have without necessarily realizing the entire dream. Think about alternatives to the original dream that might create the feelings you want without the cons. Think outside the box and keep your mind open to all possibilities. Write them down.
- Weigh the pros and cons of achieving the original dream and the feelings you will generate by achieving the dream against the alternatives you came up with and the pros and cons the alternatives present. Think about what it will take to achieve the original dream and contrast that to the effort required to achieve one of the alternatives instead. Look for ways to achieve the feelings you desire in the simplest possible way.
- Write out the vision you decide to pursue in specific detail. For instance, a fit, svelte body may mean one thing to one person and something entirely different to someone else. The same is true of a successful business. You need to quantify or get specific about your dream and your vision. Perhaps a fit, svelte body means you will be a size 8, you will have less than 30 percent body fat and you will be able to run one mile without stopping or collapsing at the end from exhaustion. Your vision of a successful business may include hiring employees to work the weekends so you can have your weekends off, netting $60,000 annual income after expenses as a take-home wage for you and your family to live on, expanding your business to include a second store or something entirely different. You need to list the specifics so you know what your goals will be helping you to achieve.You will refer to this often in the future. Think of it as your destination.
- Describe–and write down–your life as it is now and specifically how that differs from the dream or vision you desire. If you want to get to your destination, you must first determine exactly where you are. Only then can you decide the best means of getting there and map out your route.
Identify and Set Goals to Achieve the Vision
- Identify the steps you will need to complete to achieve your vision. Write them down. For example, if you want a fit body, you will need to exercise. If you want to run a mile without stopping, you will first need to be able to walk a mile without stopping. This process will create the map that helps you get from where you are now to your destination. These are the milestones you will need to achieve. These are your goals. Even if you will be working toward more than one goal simultaneously, write each goal down individually and number your goals. If your dream is far away, you can have more goals or milestones on your path to achieving it. But if your dream is something you want to accomplish in a short timeframe, be sure you don’t have too many goals that must be met to get to your destination.
- Reassess your dream/vision or the time frame for the achievement of your dream as needed based upon the steps you identified that need to be completed. Rewrite your dream as needed to make it truly do-able. There is nothing worse than trying to accomplish goals–and realize a dream–that is simply not realistic or plausible. Make sure your goals are truly goals. Make sure they are something you can actually achieve.
- Be sure your goals are something you can personally control. For instance, you may dream of publishing a novel, but your goals should be something you can control such as writing a certain number of words each week or submitting written book proposals to a specific number of editors each month.
- Identify a measurement tool you can use to chart your progress as you achieve your goals and move toward your dream. If you can’t measure something, you can’t really tell if you are getting closer or not. Just as progress toward a destination is measured in miles or kilometers, you must be able to measure your progress. It might be in pounds or inches lost, the length of time it takes you to walk and later run a mile, the reduction in the percentage of your body fat, net income on your federal income tax returns from your business, number of customers or how many hours you need to work to keep your business profitable.
Make Yourself Accountable
- Determine how often you will measure your progress toward each goal. Select intervals that are consistent and regular such as once a week, once a month or once every three months. Mark these “check up” dates on your calendar or planner. Create a chart that shows where you are now as the baseline, your dream or vision as the finish line and your means of measuring progress in even increments on the chart so you can plot your progress on the chart. Hang this chart where you can see it every day. Do this for each goal.
- Find someone you trust to share your goals with. Ask that person to be your accountability partner. An accountability partner is someone you can answer to in addition to yourself. This person often helps keep you on track, working toward your goals and vision, is a person you can brainstorm with or talk to when challenges arise and you need to take a detour to get closer to your destination and is someone who will check in with you regularly at the identified intervals to be sure you are measuring your progress toward each goal and plotting it on your chart.
Identify (and list) some specific actions you can take to help you begin working toward the achievement of at least one of your goals every single day. Small or large, you need to take actions that bring you at least a baby step closer to realizing your goals if you ever want to get there. Think like the tortoise in the story of the tortoise and the hare.
Start. Do something. Take action. Complete one of these actions every single day. You may need to repeat the same action day after day. You may need to raise the bar a little at a time to keep yourself moving forward. But don’t procrastinate or put it off until tomorrow.
Adopt an attitude of no excuses. You will never achieve your goals and dreams without doing the work. Dreams don’t achieve themselves.
Tips to Stay Motivated
Measure, assess and plot your progress on your chart on the check in dates you identified earlier. Report your progress to your accountability partner.
Identify and list new actions you need to take to continue making progress or take your achievement to the next level. Create a plan. Work the plan step by step and day by day. Never let a day go by without doing something toward the achievement of your goals.
Reward yourself at specific intervals as you make progress toward your goals and bigger dreams. Make a list of motivators that will keep you positive, energized and moving forward. Do not punish yourself for regressing or slipping backwards. Rather, focus only on the positive outcome and rewards of achieving measurable progress. If you regress, simply start again. Be sure your rewards are directly related to–and do not inadvertently contradict or undermine–your dream and vision. For example, getting a relaxing massage is an excellent motivator for walking a mile every day for a week. Indulging in a hot fudge sundae is counterproductive and not a good reward. Hiring an employee to work Sundays so you can take that day off is a great motivator when your net income increases by $10,000, because now you have the funds to use to pay for that employee.
Monitor how progress toward one goal effects progress toward other goals. Modify goals and rewards as needed to ensure the realization of each goal will still help move you one step closer to your destination.
Remember to enjoy the journey on the way to achieving your goals, dream and vision as much as you will enjoy the destination. If you don’t enjoy the journey, you probably won’t really appreciate the destination either.
MOBILE TOWER RADIATION HAZARDS – FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (Information from http://neha-wilcom.blogspot.in)
1. What are the Health Hazards faced with Mobile Towers Radiations?
Sleep Disturbance, Headaches, Memory Loss, Lack of Concentration, Fatigue, Joint Pains, Vision Distortion, Miscarriage, Heart Problems, Brain Tumour, Leukaemia, Cancer, etc.
Also, it affects birds, animals, fruit yield of the trees, and environment.
2. Do we have any Medical Reports to prove these?
Overuse of cell phones leads to hearing loss and ear tumour, and this has been reported by several doctors in India. On May 31, 2011, WHO reported, “The electromagnetic fields produced by mobile phones are classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as possibly carcinogenic to humans.”
There are several epidemiological studies done in various countries, such as, Germany, Austria, Brazil, Israel, etc. where they have reported increase in cancer cases in 5 to 10 years, where radiation level was more than 1 mW/m2. Cancer is the last stage and before that people living close to mobile phone towers have reported sleep disturbance, headaches, memory loss, lack of concentration, fatigue, joint pains, vision distortion, miscarriage, heart problems, etc. There are cluster of cancer cases in India also, which occurred after a few years of installation of mobile towers, and where radiation levels were around 10 mW/m2.
One of the links with peer reviewed publications on EMF effect on human and environment with epidemiological and experimental studies. http://www.cellphonetaskforce.org/
Link to a new statement from the American Academy of Environmental Medicine:
3. What are the Indian Standards of EMF radiation levels permitted?
India follows ICNIRP Guidelines of safe radiation density of 4500 milliwatt/m2 for GSM900 and 9200 milliwatt/m2 for GSM1800. However, ICNIRP guidelines clearly state that these are for short term exposure, averaged over 6 minutes and not for long term exposure. Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) Report recommended adopting 1/10th of ICNIRP guidelines in Jan. 2011.
4. What is the highest reading of EMF radiation level recorded so far?
Cellular Operators Association of India (COAI) has reported highest measured reading of power density as 450 mW/m2 and most of their readings are within 1 to 100 mW / m2. That’s why they always claim that they are within the safe limits. However, from health point of view, safe limit for 24 hours exposure should be less than 0.1 mW / m2.
5. What are the EMF radiation level standards prevailing in other countries.
Safe Limits adopted in various countries for GSM900 are given below:
Radiation level at a place depends upon power transmitted, radiation pattern of the antenna, and distance from the transmitting towers. From health point of view, for 24 hours exposure and assuming human life span of 70 years, safe radiation density is less than 0.1 mW/m2, which includes apartments, schools, hospitals, offices and playgrounds. Safe radiation density can be 10mW/m2, where people spend few minutes a day. Currently in India, base stations transmit 20W/carrier, so in the main beam, a distance of less than 300m is not safe. If the power transmitted is reduced by 100 times, then safe distance will reduce by 10 times.
7. Why should mobile phone towers not be close to Hospitals, Schools and Residences where pregnant ladies and Senior Residents reside? At what distance they should be?
Children and pregnant ladies are more sensitive to radiation, and hence they should not be exposed to high radiation for longer time. Senior residents and patients have week immune system and hence they are more susceptible to high radiation. Please see Point 6 for more details.
8. Are there any International standards for :
Height at which the Towers should be installed – 30 m
Distance at which the Towers should be installed from Residences, Hospitals, Schools – 50 m
Power Transmission by the Towers – 1 to 2W in the dense urban area
9. The Cell Phone Service providers are very strong financially and have strong political contacts. They conduct Seminars in 5 Star Hotels, invite foreign delegates, and distribute printed leaflets manipulated at times. The Civil Society does not have all this. How to put our point forward? We need technical studies literature to support.
There are plenty of technical literatures reporting health hazards to human, birds, animals, plants, trees, etc. We need to raise funds, which can be utilized for creating awareness and fund epidemiological studies.
10. Unless we are able to create public awareness, nothing is going to happen as telcos lobby is very strong. How do we go about it to create mass awareness through TV and media? How do we engage NGOs and Political parties especially opposition parties to raise relevant questions in the Parliament and also create public awareness.
We have to create public awareness through digital media, i.e., facebook, twitter, blog, email, SMS, etc. We can also request cricketers and bollywood people to join the campaign, as reporters like to cover them. Also, involve school and college children; let us not underestimate youth of our country.
11. Can we get copies of rules and regulations for the radiation norms in the countries like Switzerland, Russia, Australia and Italy which countries seem to have adopted norms which are safe enough for all living beings?
We can get copies of rules and regulations of the radiation norms adopted in the other countries through internet.