What is a Blog Actually?
A blog is a discussion or informational site published on the World Wide Web and consisting of discrete entries (“posts”) typically displayed in reverse chronological order (the most recent post appears first). Until 2009 blogs were usually the work of a single individual, occasionally of a small group, and often were themed on a single subject. More recently “multi-author blogs” (MABs) have developed, with posts written by large numbers of authors and professionally edited. MABs from newspapers, other media outlets, universities, think tanks, interest groups and similar institutions account for an increasing quantity of blog traffic. The rise of Twitter and other “micro blogging” systems helps integrate MABs and single-author blogs into societal new streams. Blog can also be used as a verb, meaning to maintain or add content to a blog.

The emergence and growth of blogs in the late 1990s coincided with the advent of web publishing tools that facilitated the posting of content by non-technical users. (Previously, a knowledge of such technologies as HTML and FTP had been required to publish content on the Web.)

Although not a requirement, most good quality blogs are interactive, allowing visitors to leave comments and even message each other via GUI widgets on the blogs, and it is this interactivity that distinguishes them from other static websites. In that sense, blogging can be seen as a form of social networking. Indeed, bloggers do not only produce content to post on their blogs, but also build social relations with their readers and other bloggers.

Many blogs provide commentary on a particular subject; others function as more personal online diaries; others function more as online brand advertising of a particular individual or company. A typical blog combines text, images, and links to other blogs, Web pages, and other media related to its topic. The ability of readers to leave comments in an interactive format is an important contribution to the popularity of many blogs. Most blogs are primarily textual, although some focus on art (art blogs), photographs (photoblogs), videos (video blogs or “vlogs”), music (MP3 blogs), and audio (podcasts). Micro blogging is another type of blogging, featuring very short posts. In education, blogs can be used as instructional resources. These blogs are referred to as edublogs.

What are the Minimum Basic Elements required for Blog?
Dates are a big giveaway. By definition a blog is a journal, and by convention it is a journal organized by posting date. No other type of web site places such strong emphasis on when content was created. As such, seeing a date is usually a good indicator that you are reading either a blog or a journal/newsletter.

Comment counts:  Comments and suggestions in the form of feedback , keeps a blog live. A blog should need to have a section for comments and suggestions , which will help in improving the quality content of the blog. The other major aspect of blogging is the community behind it. A blog with comments disabled is barely a blog at all and as such, seeing the customary “x comments” text near the post title or succeeding the post itself is a sure sign of blogs abound.

Author names:  Who is writing the content, it might be you, a guest writer, a famous personality, it can be anyone who can contribute.  A good blog tends to be regularly updated, and shares some of the personality of the author. Many blogs therefore include the author’s name along with each post. Of course, it’s not always necessary.

RSS icons and counters:  Have a look in your RSS reader. How many of the feeds that you’re subscribed to are from blogs? A good number I’d say, and so it is with good reason that large RSS icons and FeedBurner buttons can safely be attributed as aspects of a blog design.

Right sidebar:  This is optional though, but this design style is more of a stereotype than a reasoned element of a blog design. Any type of web site can have a right sidebar, and blogs can of course have left/no sidebars. However, there is still some truth left in the old stereotype. If you had to picture the typical 2-column blog layout, which side would the sidebar be on?

Valid and Readable Content

Date-based archives:  Date based archives are a useless accessory for most blogs. However, when they are seen they are a guaranteed sign of a blog. Blogs began as online diaries, giving rise to the popularity of browsing blogs by date. As blogs have evolved though, such archives have grown superfluous and are less commonly seen now.

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